What is Obesity?
Obesity can be defined as the excessive and abnormal accumulation of body fat. If a man or woman’s bodyweight is respectively 20% and 30% higher than it should be, he or she is considered obese. Obesity can generally be separated into two categories – apple and pear-shaped. In apple type obesity, fat accumulates in the belly. Whereas in per shaped obesity, fat accumulates around the hips. Studies have shown that, compared to the hips, fat in the belly area is more likely to increase the risk of developing dangerous health problems, especially cardiac disease.
What is Bariatric Surgery or Weight loss surgery?
Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery in Qatar) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who have obesity. Weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or through removal of a vertical part of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy or biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch) or by divide stomach into a small upper pouch and a much larger lower pouch and then the small intestine is rearranged to connect to both so The food you eat will no longer go into some parts of your stomach and small intestine that absorb food. Because of this, your body will not get all of the calories from the food you eat (gastric bypass surgery).
What are The Health Risks & diseases of Obesity?
The term obesity is used when your weight is 20% more than what is considered a normal weight for your height.It makes you more likely to have conditions including:Not everyone who is obese has all of those problems. The risk rises if you have a family history of one of those conditions.
- Heart disease and stroke
- High blood pressure
- Some Cancers
- Gallbladder disease and gallstones
- Breathing problems, such as sleep apnea (when a person stops breathing for short episodes during sleep) and asthma
- Gynecological problems, such as infertility and irregular periods
- Liver disease
- Certain lung diseases
Also, where your weight is may matter. If it's mostly around your stomach(the "apple" shape), that may be riskier than if you have a "pear" shape, meaning that your extra weight is mostly around your hips.
What're the benefits of Bariatric surgery?
More than a decade ago, American National Institutes of Health reported that people affected by severe obesity are resistant to achieved weight loss by conventional therapies, such as consuming fewer calories, increasing exercise, commercial weight-loss programs, etc.) so American National institutions of health recognized bariatric surgery in Oman(weight-loss Surgery) as the only effective treatment to combat severe obesity and maintain weight loss in the long term.
Bariatric surgery in Qatar help improve or resolve many obesity-related conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and more
A lot of clinical studies find that people affected by severe obesity who have had bariatric surgery have a lower risk of death than individuals affected by obesity who do not have surgery
In addition to improvements in health and longevity, surgical weight-loss improves the overall quality of life
Which Weight Loss Surgery Is Best?
The ideal weight loss surgery depends on your health and body type.
For instance, if you are very obese, or if you have had abdominal surgery before, simpler surgeries might not be possible. Talk with your doctor about the pros and cons of each procedure
What can I expect at my first visit in Obesity Center?
During your initial visit, your bariatric professional:
- Take a medical history. This includes your history of nutrition, exercise, and weight loss.
- Do a physical exam, including BMI, waist circumference, and blood pressure
- BODY composition analysis
- Check for your health problems related to obesity
- Check for other medical problems that might cause weight gain
- Check for how ready you are to start an exercise program
- Find out if you need tests
- Help you make realistic weight loss goals
- Give you a nutrition plan
- Find out if you need a SURGICAL TREATMENT
What Other Information Provide by Bariatric Professional?
Your bariatric professional provider should also give you information about:
- Healthy eating habits
- Healthy exercise habits
- How to change health behaviours
- How mental health affects obesity
- Complications of obesity
- Benefits and risks of BARIATRIC SURGERY
What is the Diet after Surgery?
Al Emadi hospital considered the only Bariatric surgery center in Qatar who provide our patient with complete post-operative service including diet program and healthy recipes delivered to your home by our diet center (Rigem center ) which do and supervised by very professional team and nutrition doctors and this diet plan varies from person to person, but a typical plan is:
- first few days – water and fluids (for example, thin soup)
- first four weeks – runny food (for example, yogurt or puréed food)
- weeks four to six – soft food (for example, mashed potato)
- week six onwards – gradually return to a healthy, balanced diet
You will also be advised to:
- Eat slowly, chew carefully and only eat small amounts at a time – particularly during the early stages of your recovery
- Avoid or be careful eating foods that could block your stomach, such as soft white bread
- Follow-up appointments may involve:
- Blood tests to check your vitamin and mineral levels
- A check-up of your physical health
- Advice and support about diet and exercise
- Emotional or psychological support
Pregnancy and contraception after weight loss surgery
Women are usually advised to avoid becoming pregnant during the period of most significant weight loss in the first 12 to 18 months after surgery.
This is because weight loss surgery can affect your vitamin and mineral levels. If your levels are low while you're pregnant, there's a risk it could harm your baby.
It's a good idea to:
- use contraception until advised it's safe to become pregnant – ask your doctor about the best type, as some aren't suitable for women who've had weight loss surgery (including the contraceptive pill and contraceptive injection)
When to get Medical Advice?
In the days or weeks after surgery, call your GP :
- pain in your tummy that's really bad, doesn't go away or is getting worse
- an unusually fast heartbeat
- a high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above
- chest pain or shortness of breath
- difficulty swallowing
- dark, sticky poo
- signs of a wound infection, such as pain, redness, swelling and pus
In the months after surgery, make an appointment to see your GP if you:
- have pain in your tummy that comes and goes
- vomit every now and again
- have heartburn
- keep coughing at night
- feel sick most of the time
- have diarrhea that doesn't go away
- have times where you feel flushed, sweaty or faint
What are costs that include in Bariatric Surgery?
- Surgeon fees
- Hospital fees
- Anesthesia fees
- Pre-op lab test and x-ray fees
- Travel expenses (in case out of Qatar )
- Follow-up medical visits
- Nutritional counseling
- Exercise and Physiotherapy programs
- Psychological counseling
Help and support
Support will be provided as part of your follow-up, but you may also find it useful to talk with people who have also had weight loss surgery.
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